There has been great strives made in Medical. Here are some of the procedures used

MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY

Bioforming
The reverse of terraforming (the process by which a planet is made suitable for organic life), bioforming involves changing an organic lifeform to make it suitable for life in certain planetary conditions.

Biomemetic Gel
A substance used in genetic experimentation. Strictly controlled by the Federation; a limited supply is available in the galaxy. It is not for sale by the Federation at any price, as it may be used for organic explosives, illegal replications, and biogenic weapons, among other things. Considered extremely hazardous.

Brak'ul
Klingon term for a characteristic redundancy in Klingon physiology.

Cloning
The process of using the cells of one living being to produce another, identical being. The relatively undifferentiated epithelial cells that line the stomach are the best to use.

Cryonics
The placing of organic beings into suspended animation for future reanimation. Considered a fad in the late 20th and early 21st centuries. Used only sparingly in modern circles.

Diencephalon
Part of a humanoid brain, posterior to the forebrain. The hypothalamus, thalamus, and epithalamus are contained in the diensephalon.

DNA
Acronym for deoxyribonucleic acid, a complex chemical chain containing the genetic codes enabling the reproduction of life on many planets. Virtually every individual lifeform on such planets has a DNA code, which contains information common to that species, as well as distinguishing information unique to that individual. Because of this, DNA sequencing can be used as a means of positively identifying an individual, although it cannot distinguish between the individual and a clone.

Federation Medical Collection Station
A repository for samples of diseases which may be used for the devopment of vaccines and innoculations. One such station is located at planet Odet IX. see also Medical Trustee.

Medical Trustee
The person in charge of a Federation Medical Collection Station. (see also) Often required to personally oversee the delivery of specimens to research facilities.

Microcentrum Cell Membrane
Physical attribute of life forms that are unaffected by triolic waves. These are often seen in shape shifters.

Microcircuit Fibers
Part of the Borg devices implanted into Jean-Luc Picard's body when he was abducted and surgically altered by the Borg in 2366. Infiltration of the fibers into healthy tissue around Borg implants causes changes in the cellular DNA around the implants and makes surgical removal impossible while implants are active.

Mitosis
The ordered process of cell division, whereby one parent bell produces two genetically identical daughter cells.

Nanite Therapy
The use of nanites -- tiny machines with billions of bytes of memory -- to make repairs to living tissue at the cellular level.

Neurotransmitter
Also known as the "Rapture of the Deep," or the bends, nitrogen narcosis was a hazard of 20th century Earth deep sea diving. It is caused by the replacement of oxygen in oxyhemoglobin with nitrogen. The resultant anoxia produced disorientation, hallucinations, and a lack of judgment in the victims. The phenomenon is similar to temporal narcosis.

Organic Life
Has the ability to assimilate, respirate, reproduce, grow and develop, move, secrete and excrete.

Peritoneum
Membrane lining the abdominal cavity in many humanoid species, including Bajorans.

Replicative Fading
The deterioration of a clone after many copy generations, caused by subtle errors in the DNA. This occurs when copies are made from copies, not from the original.

Sentience
The state of possessing intelligence, self-awareness and consciousness.

Subnucleonic Radiation
A type of radiation which is particularly harmful to organic tissue. Even brief exposure can be detrimental. Over extended periods of time, machinery may also be affected by this type of radiation.